Det kan vara värt att läsa den franska plan Carl Bildt prata om nedan. Det är grunden till en av USA oberoende europa arme som Frankrike bygger upp nedan. Oberoende av NATO och USA med förmåga till s.k Force Projection globalt i områden av intresse.
Det handlar bland annat om en fristående underrättelse och logistik infrastruktur som i NATO är helt beroende av USA.
Som vanligt sker detta förstås utan att de svenska partierna eller de s.k säkerhetspolitisk ansvarig diskuterar vad som händer i Europa i en allmänn debatt inrikes.
Vore det inte ironiskt om en ny Fransk-Svensk
allians skapades likt den som fanns under större delen av den svenska
stormakts perioden. Carl Bild som Axel Oxenstierna tror jag dock inte
på även om politiken drivs på samma sätt utanför riksdagen.
Och mitt i allt detta hanns det också med en ganska grundlig genomgång av tankarna bakom den stora revision av Frankrikes försvars- och säkerhetspolitik som nyligen genomförts. Ett imponerande arbete av stor också europeisk betydelse.
On 17 June, Nicolas Sarkozy unveiled the conclusions of the White Paper on defence and national security, in front of 3,000 military personnel gathered at Porte de Versailles, Paris. The new White Paper outlines France’s strategy for the next fifteen years.
Decision to link national security and defence. Since the collapse of the Soviet Bloc and the attacks on 11 September 2001, the threats have become vaguer and greater in number – cyberterrorism, nuclear proliferation, health crises. They demand better coordination between international and national security forces. The objective is therefore to bring together and coordinate various public policies: defence, national security, diplomacy and economic.
A Defence and National Security Council has been set up to take overall responsibility for security issues. It shall bring together under the aegis of the French President, the Prime Minister, the Minister of Foreign Affairs, and the Ministers of the Interior, Defence, Economy and Budget. It shall be able to meet in specialist groups.
The national security strategy is based around five strategic functions: knowledge and anticipation, prevention, deterrence, protection and intervention. The combination of these five functions must be flexible and be able to evolve over time, adapting to changes in the strategic environment. The White Paper shall be updated regularly before each new law on military planning or national security.
Strengthening intelligence activities. The White Paper emphasises the new “knowledge and anticipation” functions.
– a National Intelligence Council shall be set up. Answerable to the Head of State, it shall define the broad guidelines allocated to the different departments and plan objectives and resources;
– a national intelligence coordinator shall appointed to the President. Around this coordinator, ten experts shall represent the ministries concerned: Foreign Affairs, Defence and Interior;
– spending on military satellites shall double by 2020. The White Paper plans the launch of new programmes, particularly in the field of intelligence-anticipation (observation, electronic eavesdropping, early warning), on land, at sea and in the air, with in particular the development of surveillance and armed drones, as well as both offensive and defensive cyber-war capabilities.
The new formats of the armed forces.
– an operational ground force of 88,000 men, enabling a force-projection capability of 30,000 soldiers with six months’ notice, 5,000 soldiers on permanent operational alert, and the capability to mobilise 10,000 soldiers on the national territory to support civilian authorities in case of a major crisis;
– an aircraft-carrier group, with full air group, 18 frigates, six nuclear-powered attack submarines and the capability to deploy one or two naval groups either for amphibious operations or for the protection of sea lines;
– a joint fleet of 300 combat aircraft.
Resources. France shall devote a major financial effort to its defence, consistent with the priorities and choices made for its operational capabilities. Defence spending shall not decrease. During the initial period annual resources (excluding pension charges,) shall be constant in volume, that is, increasing at the same pace as inflation. They could include exceptional resources.
Then, during a second phase, starting in the year 2012, the budget shall increase at the pace of 1% per year in volume, that is, 1% above the inflation rate. Between now and 2020, the aggregate effort devoted to defence excluding pensions shall amount to 377 billion Euros. In parallel, restructuring shall lead to considerable decrease in staff over six or seven years and operating cost reductions in the Ministry and the armed forces. The resulting savings shall be totally reinvested in the procurement budget which shall increase from an average of 15.5 billion Euros in past years to 18 billion Euros on average per year for the period 2009-2020, and also in the improvement of defence personnel training and living conditions.
Protection of the population, a priority. The goal is to protect the nation in times of major crisis while increasing its resilience defined as the “capability of public authorities and French society to respond to a major crisis and rapidly restore normal functioning.” Reinforcing resilience requires a change in the means and methods of surveillance used over the national territory including land, sea, air and now space and to develop a faster and wider-ranging response capability for French public authorities. Communication and information systems and civil warning systems shall lie at the centre of the crisis management and preparedness system. One new aspect is that operational goals in protection missions are now assigned jointly to internal security services, civil security services and the armed forces.
Conflict prevention and intervention capabilities. The White Paper provides for their concentration on a priority geographical axis from the Atlantic to the Mediterranean, the Arab-Persian Gulf and the Indian Ocean. This axis corresponds to the areas where the risks related to the strategic interests of France and Europe are highest. The White Paper also takes account of the growing importance of Asia for national security and favours both presence and cooperation in this direction from the Indian Ocean. In parallel, France shall preserve its prevention and action capabilities on the Western and Eastern seaboards of the African continent as well as in the Sahel, in particular to fight against trafficking and acts of terrorism. The armed forces shall also have major assets in the West-Indies-French Guyana zone to be used for the protection of the Kourou space centre and the fight against narcotics trafficking. The Gendarmerie and civil security forces shall be reinforced in the DOM-COM (overseas departments and territories).
Nuclear deterrence. The sole purpose of the nuclear deterrent is to prevent any outside aggression against the vital interests of the nation. France must have an autonomous and sufficiently wide and diversified range of assets and options: ballistic missiles and airborne missiles. France has taken initiatives in the area of nuclear disarmament and shall continue to do so. France shall be particularly active in the fight against the proliferation of chemical, biological and nuclear weapons as well as the delivery missiles.
European ambition is a priority. Making the European Union a major player in crisis management and international security is one of the central tenets of the security policy. France wants Europe to be equipped with the corresponding military and civilian capability.
Strengthening France’s position in NATO. The White Paper emphasises that the European Union and the North Atlantic Alliance are complementary. France shall commit itself to the renovation of NATO in particular on the occasion of NATO’s 60th anniversary, to be celebrated in 2009. France shall play a full part in the structures of NATO. This evolution shall go hand in hand with the reinforcement of the European Union in the area of crisis management and the search for a new balance between Americans and Europeans within NATO. As regards the position of France, the White Paper recalls the three main principles in direct continuity with those defined by General de Gaulle: complete independence of our nuclear forces; French authorities must retain full freedom of assessment, which implies the absence of automatic military commitment and the maintenance of assets allowing for strategic autonomy in particular by increasing our intelligence capabilities; and lastly, permanent freedom of decision which means that no French forces shall be permanently placed under NATO command in peace time.